If any moron on a street corner could correctly point out the errors being made by bigshot PhDs, why would the PhDs never consider changing? A few of these are completely made up and based on radical misunderstandings of what economists are even trying to do. As for the rest, my impression is that economists not only know about these criticisms, but invented them.
Oldest known rock about million B. These dates may be as much as ten per cent. That is to say, 60, years ago our ancestors were mammals, probably not unlike lemurs, , years ago amphibians somewhat resembling newts or mud-puppies, and , years ago very primitive fish, combining some of the characters of sharks and lampreys.
The origin of life on our planet was probably over a thousand million years ago, so that the record furnished by fossils only refers to half—perhaps much less than half of the time during which life has existed.
If all the lead in our planet is of radio-active origin, which is rather unlikely, it can hardly be more than eight thousand million years old.
Astronomical evidence points to a somewhat smaller age. As the earth goes round, the moon, and to a lesser extent the sun, raise tides in the sea. The moon thus acts as a brake on the earth, and by so doing is pushed onwards in its orbit, and moves further away.
If we calculate backwards instead of forwards we find both the day and the month becoming shorter, until at a sufficiently early date they possessed the same length of about four hours, and the moon was so near to the earth as to be practically touching it.
At present the main retarding action takes place in the Bering Sea. At a geological epoch characterised by many shallow and partly land-locked seas tidal friction must have been greater than now, at other times less. So we can only say that the moon was born somewhere about four thousand million years ago, but the true figure might be as low as one thousand million, or as high as twenty thousand.
The birth of the moon was only one event in a greater catastrophe. Our sun, after a relatively brief period, probably a few thousand million years or less, of youthful exuberance as a giant star radiating energy at thousands of times its present rate, settled down as a respectable dwarf, which it now is, and has been throughout geological time.
For many thousands of millions of years it probably shone as a lonely star unaccompanied by planets. Then it appears to have passed near to another, probably heavier star, which raised tidal waves in it. The detached crests of these waves, or one of them, formed the planets, and it is fairly clear that the moon broke off from the earth within a few years of its formation.
It can be calculated that it has not been going round the sun for more than ten or less than one thousand million years.
Various other lines of evidence converge to a date somewhere between 8,, and 1,, B. If science continues we shall arrive at the exact date in the following way. The star in question must be very far away by now.
It is a wise child that knows its own father, and we shall probably not know ours for thousands, perhaps hundreds of thousands of years. It is possible to penetrate still further into the past and to arrive at a very rough date for the origin of the sun.
But any such date depends on some particular hypothesis as to the origin of stellar energy, and there are several such hypotheses, leading to very different dates. On the other hand a number of independent arguments, based on well-ascertained facts, converge to the same date for the origin of the earth.
There are, of course, respectable scientific theories, such as the planetesimal, which lead to different conclusions. In a popular exposition it has been necessary to be dogmatic. If I have been so it is because I consider it unlikely that any of the figures I have given will be very seriously upset in the future.
In a few generations it is probable that these dates will meet with general acceptance and their meaning will gradually penetrate the human imagination. As the earth has lasted for at least a thousand million years in a condition not very unlike the present, it will probably continue habitable for a future period of at least the same order of magnitude, possibly for very much longer.Jan 28, · September 3, ARTCILE: HARVARD SCHOOL OF DIVINITY yunusemremert.com people in their own religion cannot identify someone/something in their religion yunusemremert.com is important to study religion, so there is a better understanding of the people around us yunusemremert.comon takes on the full affect of people around the world yunusemremert.com need to walk up to someone with good intention’s of them and not make a generic .
Religion is an analysis of seven works that the author, Daniel Pals, believes have shaped the understanding of religion in the past century.
These theories represent seminal attempts to see religion in its social context as a system of values and beliefs, something that would be popularized by French structuralists and students of myth and. Analysis of traditions concerning Mosaic authorship This dissertation has been submitted by a student.
This is not an example of the work written by our professional dissertation writers. Introduction The Christian Holy Bible is not one book, but a library of sixty six books recorded over many centuries.
Strong Essays words ( pages) Essay on Description of The Divinity of the Scriptures - The Bible is a book that is comprised of over forty different authors and sixty six different books, which are sub-divided into the Old and New Testament.
T HE essays collected in this book have mostly, but not all, appeared in print. In Europe they have appeared in the Rationalist Annual, the Bermondsey Book, the Nation, the Daily Mail, the World To-Day, the Manchester Guardian, the Graphic, the Weekly Dispatch, Discovery, Modern Science, and the Haagsche yunusemremert.com America they have been published by Harper’s Magazine, the Forum, the.
The most objectionable part of straw manning is the claim that a specific person or group has a certain (poorly thought out) belief, without any solid evidence that this is the case.