The Southern Argument for Slavery Southern slaveholders often used biblical passages to justify slavery. Those who defended slavery rose to the challenge set forth by the Abolitionists. The defenders of slavery included economics, history, religion, legality, social good, and even humanitarianism, to further their arguments.
O my great Lord keep me from sinking down. When we celebrate American freedom, we must also be mindful of the long and painful struggle to share in those freedoms that faced and continue to face generations of African Americans.
To understand the present, we must look to the past. A painting depicts George Washington and workers on his plantation. Modem scholars have assembled a great deal of evidence showing that few slaves accepted their lack of freedom or enjoyed life on the plantation.
It is all night — night forever. Ina bounty hunter kidnapped Solomon Northup, a free black man from Saratoga, New York, on the pretext that he was a runaway slave from Georgia. When the bounty hunter sold him into slavery, Northup lost his family, his home, his freedom, and even his name.
Freeman [the while slave broker] would make us hold up our heads, walk briskly back and forth, while customers would feel of our heads and arms and bodies, turn us about, ask us what we could do, make us open our mouths and show our teeth Sometimes a man or woman was taken back lo the small house in the yard, stripped, and inspected more minutely.
By law, slaves were the personal property of their owners in all Southern states except Louisiana. The slave master held absolute authority over his human property as the Louisiana law made clear: Slaves often found themselves rented out, used as prizes in lotteries, or as wagers in card games and horse races.
Separation from family and friends was probably the greatest fear a black person in slavery faced. When a master died, his slaves were often sold for the benefit of his heirs. Solomon Northup himself witnessed a sorrowful separation in the New Orleans slave pen when a slave buyer purchased a mother, but not her little girl: Freeman [the slave broker] sternly ordered [the mother] to be quiet, but she did not heed him.
He caught her by the arm and pulled her rudely, but she clung closer to the child. Then with a volley of great oaths he struck her such a heartless blow, that she staggered backward, and was like to fall.
How piteously then did she beseech and beg and pray that they not be separated. Perhaps out of pity, the buyer did offer to purchase the little girl. Slave Labor Of all the crops grown in the South before the Civil War including sugar, rice, and corn, cotton was the chief money-maker.
Millions of acres had been turned to cotton production following the invention of the cotton gin in As more and more cotton lands came under cultivation, especially in Mississippi and Texas, the demand for slaves boomed.
A mature female would sell for a few hundred dollars less. Slaves worked at all sorts of jobs throughout the slaveholding South, but the majority were field hands on relatively large plantations.
Men, women, and children served as field hands. The owner decided when slave children would go into the fields, usually between the ages of 10 and The cotton picking season beginning in August was a time of hard work and fear among the slaves.
In his book, Solomon Northup described picking cotton on a plantation along the Red River in Louisiana: The hands are required to be in the cotton field as soon as if is light in the morning, and, with the exception of ten or fifteen minutes, which is given them at noon to swallow their allowance of cold bacon, they are not permitted to be a moment idle until it is too dark to see No matter how fatigued and weary he may be If it falls short of weight Only when the slaves finally finished working for their master could they return to their own crude cabins to tend to their own family needs.
Slave food was adequate but monotonous, consisting mainly of corn bread, salt pork or baconand molasses. The master also usually provided a winter and a summer set of clothes, often the cast-offs of white people.
Sickness was common and the infant death rate doubled that of white babies. They were forbidden to learn how to read and write.
They could be searched at any time. They could not buy or sell things without a permit. They could not own livestock. They were subject to a curfew every night.
Marriage among slaves had no legal standing and always required the approval of the master.Slavery in the American South. O Lord, O my Lord!
O my great Lord keep me from sinking down. — From a slave song. No issue has more scarred our country nor had more long-term effects than slavery. The Impact of Slavery More than slaves lived and worked at Andrew Jackson's Hermitage plantation in Tennessee in the 's Life, liberty and the pursuit of happiness simply did not seem consistent with the practice of chattel slavery.
Get an answer for 'What was the impact of slavery on the southern economy?' and find homework help for other History questions at eNotes It was the dependency of the South upon slavery that in.
Defenders of slavery argued that the sudden end to the slave economy would have had a profound and killing economic impact in the South where reliance on slave labor was the foundation of their economy. Their book, Time on the Cross, suggested that slavery in the American South was a lucrative enterprise for plantation owners.
The authors reckoned that . Buying and Selling Slaves. Before the Civil War, nearly 4 million black slaves toiled in the American South. Modem scholars have assembled a great deal of evidence showing that few slaves accepted their lack of freedom or enjoyed life on the plantation.
As one .